А Gооd Fіrst Dаtіng Іdеа fоr guуs

Ѕо уоu hаvе fіnаllу mеt thе dаtе оf уоur drеаms. Аftеr hоurs оf tаlkіng оn thе рhоnе, ехсhаngіng tехt mеssаgеs аnd еmаіls, уоu guуs fіnаllу рluсkеd uр thе соurаgе tо mееt еасh оthеr fоr thе fіrst tіmе. Тhе рlасе іs grеаt аnd уоu sроt еасh оthеr frоm аfаr.

Whаt shоuld уоu dо? Whаt shоuld уоu sау? Тhе suссеss оr fаіlurе оf аnу dаtе іs dесіdеd іn thе fіrst fеw mоmеnts whеn twо реорlе mееt еасh оthеr.

Gеttіng а gооd fіrst іmрrеssіоn іs а gооd first dаtіng іdеа bесаusе іt wіll еnsurе thе smооth flоw оf thе rеst оf thе nіght. Тhіs аrtісlе wіll dіsсuss thе dо’s аnd dоn’ts thаt уоu shоuld lооk оut fоr whеn уоu dо gо оn уоur dаtе mоst еsресіаllу fоr lаdіеs.

Fіrstlу, dо nоt bе lаtе. Тhаt іs rеаllу а bаd іmрrеssіоn аnd іt gіvеs thе іdеа thаt уоu dоn’t rеаllу саrе аbоut thе dаtе. І mеаn, bеіng оn tіmе іs rеаllу оnе оf thе mоst іmроrtаnt thіngs tо dо. Тhеrе іs nо suсh thіng аs bеіng fаshіоnаblу lаtе; уоu аrе nоt Місhаеl Јасksоn оr Lіndsау Lоhаn, kеер іt tо а mахіmum оf 15 mіnutеs.

Ароlоgіsе рrоfusеlу аnd whаtеvеr уоu dо, dо nоt lіе аbоut bеіng lаtе. Νоrmаllу, реорlе саn smеll а lіе а mіlе аwау еsресіаllу whеn уоu rосk uр іn а саb аnd sаіd thе bus wаs lаtе.
Κеер thіngs sіmрlе аs wеll. Ѕmіlе аt еасh оthеr аnd јust tаlk nоrmаllу аs уоu wоuld оn thе рhоnе. Dоn’t fоrсе уоursеlf tо tаlk – уоu wоuld јust соmе оut аs fаkе аnd уоu wоn’t bе уоursеlf.

Ѕоundіng unnаturаl mаkеs уоu lооk аnd sоund lіkе а rоbоt trуіng tо bе humаn, уоur nаturаl сhаrm аnd сhаrіsmа wоn’t соmе оut аnd mоrе thаn lіkеlу, уоu wіll сut thе dаtе shоrt.

А tір аbоut tаlkіng
Тhе bаlаnсе bеtwееn tаkіng а vоw оf sіlеnсе аnd runnіng уоur mоuth fаstеr thаn а trаіn. Тhе соnvеrsаtіоn shоuld аlsо соmе nаturаllу.
Dоn’t tаlk аssumіng thе lаdу wіll lіstеn tо еvеrу wоrd уоu sау, gіvе hеr sрасе tо brеаthе аnd tаkе уоu іn – hе іs nеrvоus tоо.

- trу аnd lіstеn tо hеr аnd nоt lооk аt hеr оthеr bоdу раrts. Yеs, іt оnlу соmеs nаturаl but аррrаіsіng hіm lіkе а gооsе аt а mаrkеt fаіr іs nоt gооd fоrm. Yоu аrе оnlу sеttіng уоursеlf tо lооk еіthеr lіkе а реrvеrt, оr wоrsе, sеttіng уоursеlf uр fоr dіsарроіntmеnt.

Аlsо, рісk а рlасе thаt іs fun аnd thеrе іs а lоt оf thіngs tо dо.

Мееtіng іn а bаr іs а bаd fоrm оnlу bесаusе thе wоrld hаs mаnу lеvеls оf аlсоhоl tоlеrаnсеs, gеttіng drunk wіthіn hаlf аn hоur оf thе dаtе саn bе еmbаrrаssіng аnd gеt уоu dеlеtеd оff а рhоnеbооk fаstеr thаn thе sрееd оf dіаl.

Іn аnу саsе, thеsе аrе јust sоmе еssеntіаls tо lооk оut fоr whеn mееtіng sоmе fоr thе fіrst tіmе, іt іs а gооd dаtіng іdеа tо wаtсh whаt уоu sау аnd whаt уоu dо, еsресіаllу іf уоu knоw thаt уоu hаvе sоmе quіrks thаt hаvе lеd tо bаd dаtеs іn thе раst.

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Natural Dog Foods – Avoid Them to Push Your Dog Towards a Painful Premature Death

After learning about the adulterated commercial dog food commonly available everywhere, a large number of dog owners all over the world are now turning to natural dog foods. This is the reason why many of them are even learning how to make the best natural dog foods on their own at home. This way, they at least have control over the ingredients that go into their dog’s meal, and no longer have to spend sleepless nights worrying about the health of their pets.

Although there is some effort required in preparing food for your dog at home, the satisfaction that one gains by providing a healthy meal to one’s pet is unmatched. After all, your dog is a part of your family.

Preparing natural dog foods at home is not a very difficult task. The main components of a dog’s diet are vegetables, meat (cooked/raw), vitamin supplement (speak to your vet for the best one) and starch (rice). In addition to all these components, you can even add eggs and dairy food in a limited way. We suggest limited because eggs and dairy food are normally hard on dog’s stomach. In case you opt to add them, make sure that you feed your dog some yoghurt to ease up his/her belly.

Natural dog foods prepared at home normally work out to be much cheaper than the commercially available food for dogs in the market. However, you must make sure that you keep mixing and matching the ingredients to make your dog get accustomed to the new diet. Once you have found the best combination that is liked by your dog, you should stick to it and not change it very often.

As many as 87% of all dog deaths that happen in United States every year are attributed to the preservatives and chemicals in the commercially prepared food for dogs. Therefore, it is best that you prepare natural dog foods at home.

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The Food Safety Modernization Act: Increased Regulations on the Transportation and Handling of Food

Consumers are becoming increasingly aware of the risks in the food supply chain. The Food Safety Modernization Act, recently signed by President Obama is a big step in addressing these concerns. While the public is asking for more stringent regulation and oversight, growers and producers are concerned about how these new powers will impact the handling and transportation of food throughout the United States.

The purpose of the Food Safety Modernization Act is to give the federal government more power to actively prevent food borne illnesses, not just clean them up. The increasing anxiety of the public over the safety of the food supply adds to the controversy between consumer advocates and business interests.

Some are advocating shortening the supply chain by encouraging consumers to buy directly from the producer. While this may at first appear to support greater food safety, a closer look might reveal greater pitfalls. What does the consumer know about the safe handling of food? How aware are the about the risks of food borne illnesses? Without a good understanding of safe food handling and transportation practices, the consumer may look right at a high risk situation and not even realize it.

Fortunately, with the technology currently available, tracing food products in real time throughout the food supply chain is not only possible, but realistic. Many systems in place for inventory management in material handling make it possible to follow a product from grower or producer, to retail outlet and possibly event to the consumer’s table. Bar codes have long been in use and their use may increase dramatically as the FDA’s new record keeping regulations are put into place.

This new legislation gives the FDA broad reaching access to food producers records. They will have complete access to all records relating to the manufacturing and processing of food products. Other areas include food processing, packaging and transportation. Any step in the food supply chain where there is reasonable probability of exposure or contamination is subject to FDA review and regulation. These records must be provided to the FDA on request.

Before the new Act went into effect, the FDA had access only to records of food that they believed had been adulterated. Now, under the Food Safety Modernization Act, if there is a reasonable belief that a food product is contaminated, they can request the records. This has lowered the bar on when the FDA can step into the supply chain and act to prevent contaminated food reaching the public.

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Why India Experiences Recurrent Contamination Problems in the Food Market

Contamination or adulteration in the branded food products is a serious, yet frequent issue in India. Many domestic and international brands found culpable in the past, but no serious action has been taken except timely raucous inside and outside the Parliament. Scientific evidences are enough to drag the big brands in the courts, but, rules and regulations in India are so lenient that instead of punishing the wrongdoers, they condone the accused benignly. Why India is not creating strict food quality norms and regulations like her neighbour and business competitor; China? The dragons have overhauled their policies by incorporating strict laws and making speedy judgments on food safety issues. In 2008, they have executed two people who found guilty in the milk scandal.

In India, not only government authorities, but people too are unaware about the food standards and diseases that they may bear due to the consumption of a particular product. Masses are ignorant that whether the food companies are complying with the existing quality norms or violating the food safety laws. People come to know about an issue only after media furore. The recent Maggi Noodles case about the excess lead and MSG was noticed once it becomes breaking news on television and newspapers. Hence, consumer education should be the responsibility of the Centre and state governments because people are very much unfamiliar of food safety laws and their own rights, being consumers. They must be informed about the susceptible food impurities and their dreadful effects on consumers’ health. To accomplish this mission, governments must join hands with NGOs, Educational Institutions, Corporate Houses and the Media. People should be taught about the prevailing food safety norms, their role as sensible consumers and how they can protect themselves.

“The recent case pertaining to excess lead in Maggi is not the only issue that India witnessed, in the recent past many such cases were brought to the court, but our laws are not as harsh as laws in the US and other western countries. We had been following the PFA Act, which was more than 50 years old, then FSSAI introduced some new regulations in 2011, still there are problems involved in the implementation and execution of the new laws.”- Kislay Pandey, Criminal Lawyer, Supreme Court of India.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) on the other hand, claims that making stringent laws is not the solution of the problem. Comparing with the US food standards is not justifiable because there is a big difference between the people of two countries. Consumers in America are much more aware about the food norms and their rights than people in India. Moreover, there is a problem of the unregulated advertising industry and broadcasting norms. FSSAI is right up to an extent, but only awareness cannot change the scenario. It is the responsibility of all, be it politicians, citizens, corporate or media, they all must work in solidarity. It is quite evident that only unified efforts can save the Indian consumers from unhealthy food.

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FDA Goes for Genomic Sequencing in Fight Vs Foodborne Pathogens, Food-Safety Reform Delayed

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is harnessing the scientific expertise of the University of California, Davis to sequence the genomes of 100,000 types and subtypes of deadly foodborne bacteria to help it corral contamination outbreaks, such as the multistate Listeria contamination last year that killed 25 and sickened over a hundred.

The announcement is good news to the public, food advocates, as well as conscientious restaurant owners who employ workers with food handler certification or food safety certification training, who all have relied on traditional, low-tech measures to help prevent and contain foodborne-illness outbreaks.

Also being pressed into service are the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Agilent Technologies Inc., a chemical analysis/engineering company based in Santa Clara, Calif. Once the genetic sequencing is completed, the results will be posted in a public database maintained by the National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Biotechnology Information.

“Right now, we spend a lot of time after an outbreak trying to figure out what country is it from, and how is it spreading,” said Dr. Steven Musser, director of the FDA’s office of regulatory science for food safety. He noted that the initiative is similar to the DNA information maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation for investigating crimes.

“If we had this genetic sequence already, we could know immediately that the salmonella probably came from India, and we could have responded much more quickly,” Dr. Musser pointed out, referring to this year’s salmonella outbreak in tuna, which came from a plant in India. Lacking a genetic database for pathogens, FDA instead took almost two months to confirm that sushi was the culprit.

According to the FDA, the new database has the potential to slash the typical public-health response time in foodborne illness outbreaks to days instead of weeks.

But while food safety is moving fast on the tracking front, there is little movement on the prevention front.

Last year President Obama signed into law a bill to overhaul food safety in the United States, a sweeping food-policy change not seen in 70 years. But not much has happened since then-to the great frustration of the public and food advocates.

The Food Safety Modernization Act updates the basic way the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) carries out its role: from an agency that responds to incidents of contaminated or adulterated food to one that stops contamination or adulteration from manifesting in the first place. The act empowers the agency to compel food recalls and to employ additional food-safety inspectors. Despite bipartisan endorsement in Congress and near universal support from the public health groups and the food industry, implementation of the new law has gotten stuck in procedural muck.

Regulations implementing the law have not been approved, the upshot of lack of major action by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which is still evaluating the rules’ effectiveness and alignment with administration policies. The regulations have been with OMB for seven months, four months past its deadline.

OMB spokeswoman Moira Mack explained that public-safety rules require extensive review, which, she said, is exactly what OMB is doing. “The administration is working as expeditiously as possible to implement this legislation we fought so hard for. When it comes to rules with this degree of importance and complexity, it is critical that we get it right.”

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Enforcing Food Safety – The Government’s Responsibility

According to the Codex Alimentarius Commission of the United Nations, a food is regarded as safe “If it doesn’t cause harm to the consumer when prepared and/or eaten according to its intended use”. This entails that food should be free from contaminants, adulterants, naturally occurring toxins and all those substances which might have adverse effects on human health. Right from the earliest days of human existence, access to good quality food, in particular safe food has been one of the most pressing and critical questions for the mankind. Through centuries of ignorance, experience and trial-and-error methodology, we have learnt that safe food is not just a fundamental precondition for human survival but is also inherently and indispensably linked with social, economic and ethical facets of our lives. Today, nations all around the world acknowledge that without surety of the safe food, prosperity in its collective sense is a far cry. Based on such concrete conclusions, it is now of utmost importance that we augment our understanding regarding the current world scenario and re-evaluate our strategic approach that will be required to unknot the complexities of providing safer and healthier food to every human being in the world.

Over the last few decades, the question of ensuring adequate food safety standards has evolved into a much more complicated problem with a series of interconnected factors to be considered. On one hand, the scientific and technological advancements such as the development of high precision analytical equipments and improved agricultural and preservation techniques have made it possible for us to evaluate and eradicate many of the existing potential safety hazards. Yet on the other hand, some of the modern scientific practices such as increased usage of chemicals and other additives have also introduced such detrimental changes in the entire food supply chains which were never envisaged in the entire history. Moreover, factors such as ever-increasing population, global financial recession and rising media exposure with consumer awareness have added many newer dimensions to the food safety issue. Keeping an eye over these constantly emerging interrelated concerns, it is undoubtedly the need of the time that we adopt a multidimensional approach at all levels of a food chain i.e. from farm to fork. Stakeholders such as the food industry and the consumers also have a role to play but it is the state government along side its associated agencies which has the ultimate responsibility to establish a solid legal infrastructure for other stakeholders and occupy an imperative position in developing and enforcing food safety standards at all levels.

It is often misunderstood that the sole liability of the government and its agencies is to provide a legislative and regulatory framework and lay down certain mandates for those involved in provision of food to the people. These conditions may include compliance with the approved procedural specifications, fulfillment of bio-safety guidelines and proscription of the production and sale of the adulterated and contaminated foods etc. At this moment if we talk about Pakistan, most of the food laws existing deal with production, distribution and food supply in addition to dealing with mere profit exploiting and hoarding. Specifically, there are four laws present in the aspect of Food Safety and are related directly to this issue. According to USDA’s annual country report for Pakistan, food imports are generally regulated by the Federal government and food standards are regulated by the Provincial together with of the local health authorities. The Pakistan Pure Food Laws (PFL) devised in 1963 forms the basis of the entire existing trade-related food quality and safety legislative framework. Working with an aim of preventing food adulteration and assuring adequate level of purity, it covers around 104 different food items ranging from edible oils and fats, cereals, fruits and vegetables, dairy products etc. It sets the regulations addressing the usage of preservatives, antioxidants, colorants, flavorants and other food additives and forbids the production, sales and trade of all such unsafe food items which violate the prescribed rules and are likely to prove harmful for the health.

In addition to this, PFL issues a defined set of instructions for the food safety aspects such as labeling of food packages, preventive measures in storage and transport, and aims of providing a platform for laboratory analysis and inspection of food samples. Another law of similar in its operational approach, the Cantonment Pure Food Act of 1966 applies food safety regulations exclusively on the cantonment areas. The Pakistan Hotels and Restaurant Act of 1976 makes it obligatory for hotels, restaurants and caterers all over Pakistan to control and regulate their rates and standard of services. Section 22 of the act declares that the sale of food and beverages which are prepared/served in unhygienic conditions or contain contaminated/ injurious substances is an offense and any person/organization found guilty is likely to receive severe legal penalties. The Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority Act is relatively a new law with its induction in the year 1996 and is not generally classified as a food law. This act supplies a platform for the establishment of the Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority (PSQCA). Working under the patronage of the Ministry of Science and Technology, it is the premier standardization body working with 81 scientists/engineers and 254 supporting staff as self-finance organization with a primary task of not only formulation of Pakistan Standards, but also its promulgation.

Apart from these basic food safety regulations, there are a number of other law enforcing and regulatory bodies that are working in direct and indirect correlation with the concerned issue. Generally, the government still relies heavily on the Codex Alimentarius standards and guidelines developed jointly by the FAO and WHO for setting and revising its requirements for labeling, packaging, food additives, pesticides and imported food products. Food standards which are specified by the United States Food and Drug Administration (USDA) and Food and Drug Association (FDA) are also used for certain products. Moreover, government agencies such as the Customs Department and Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ), Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR),National Institute of Health (NIH), Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) and Pakistan Council for Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) are also working for the focal point of achieving food safety objectives in their respective premises. In the presence of so many agencies and available regulations, it is however a harsh reality that the prevailing situation of food safety and security standards in the country is dark and dismal. In the wake of this plethora of regulations and regulatory bodies, the presence of such deteriorated structure indicates towards a fact that the influx of laws and regulations and establishment of regulatory bodies is certainly not the sole way of combating the safety issue and there exists severe glitches in our law enforcement and implementation policies at all levels.

Like most of the developing countries around the world, Pakistan has a very basic and undeveloped food system with multiple problem areas such as fundamental differences in agency missions and approaches to inspection, non-uniformity of facilities, unavailability of skilled personnel and money wastage on non-essential issues with efforts lagging in the development of new technologies for controlling concerns. To an extent, it will be reasonable to say that Pakistan does not have an integrated food safety framework at all but has a set of laws dealing with some selected aspects of food safety. Though laws have the potential to achieve food safety standards to an extent, the absence of their understanding and implementation at all levels of the governments leaves too many loopholes to be filled. There is an urgent need to understand that a government in its truest sense has the responsibility of developing a comprehensive, personalized and integrated food safety framework which does not necessarily deals with protection, but also with health maintenance and promotion.

Fairly achieved in developed countries like Canada, UK and the USA, we really need to sketch out a well-conceived national food control policy developed with the support of the various participants. This policy should elucidate role of the governmental hierarchy, different agencies, various sectors of economy and consumers, and should ascertain mechanisms for cooperation with means of dealing with emerging challenges in regard to human health and the national economy. There is an acute need to understand that the formulation and functionality of the entire system is dependent on the way the responsibilities are transferred and enforced at levels of a governmental structures and state actors such as the federal, provincial, municipal governments, independent health agencies and non-governmental organizations.

At the top of the ladder, the most critical responsibility of the State or Federal ministries (Food, Health etc.) is to structure a centralized vision with Risk Assessment, Risk Management and Risk Communication as its broad guiding principles. Since Risk Assessment and Risk Management deal with scientific and socio-economic arenas respectively, it is a prime task of the state government to develop a scientific and legal amalgamation and supervise its implementation right till the grass roots. Other important responsibilities of the state government include:

Assessment of raw materials and finished products and identification of critical control points throughout the system.
Allocation of appropriate funds for the provincial governments to uplift their food safety programs.
Introduction of stringent monitoring systems of sampling and thorough inspections before approving food imports.
Evaluation of the laws and standards adopted from international bodies and their localization in accordance with our needs and resources.
Replacement of ‘Hands-on’ approach with new techniques and establishment of up-to-date laboratories and research centers with latest equipments and other analytical facilities.
Development of the transport system all through Pakistan to minimize microbiological losses.
Enforcement of basic hygiene practices and safety and quality management systems such as ISO: 9001-2000, HACCP and ISO: 22000 at every level.

Coming next in line, the Provincial governments have the responsibility of taking the message from the central authorities and implement it in their respective provinces. Whatever the plan of action they adopt, it should not in any way deviate from the regulations set by the state. Working on a unified vision, each province should initiate its own operations in accordance with its priorities and resources. Just like the inauguration of a Parha Likha Punjab Campaign (Literate Punjab), every province should invest in such programs for awareness about food safety and should incorporate these operations to all districts, cities and villages in its jurisdiction. Other responsibilities include:

-Assessment of raw materials and finished products and identification of critical control process points at provincial level.
-Continuous surveillance of the entire supply chain including farmers, processors, suppliers, wholesalers, retailers etc. with special attention to the execution of the regulations and predefined criteria.
-Introduction of technical programs for training of small farmers and other producers at the grass root level concerning basic food safety and hygiene principles.
-Funding for new graduates who pursue governmental public health careers and enhance state efforts on recruitment and retention of public health professionals.
-Establishment of ‘Emergency Recall System’ at the time of a catastrophic outbreak.
-Re-invention of procedures and development of capacities to support health agencies during recalls and outbreaks.
-Impeachment of the people/organizations breaching the regulations with autonomy granted to agencies to immediately ban such business, independent of the court decisions.

Despite being at the lowest end of the command order, the Municipal/City/District government has one of the most critical roles to play in implementing and enforcing food safety standards. Being the most familiar with the ground realities, municipal government has a superior chance of understanding situations and then act appropriately. Some of its key responsibilities include:

Continuous food safety surveillance of the different food chains including industries, hotels, restaurants, cafes with appropriate penalties and prohibitions for offenders.
Enhanced facilities for action based approach on consumer complaints.
Recruitment of skilled and sincere personnel for the inspection and scrutiny of general practices.

Conclusively, we can say that seeing the devastating consequences of the recent system failures in countries such as China, the issue of food safety can not taken lightly. The ever increasing complexities of food system with rapid and almost explosive technology have made it essential that the issue of food safety be considered as an integral part of the national planning. The government and other state players should therefore realize that they occupy an extremely decisive position and any ambiguity or negligence in understanding or implementation of food safety regulations might lead us to a catastrophe.

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